George Washington Carver
Born: 1860 or 1861
Died: January 5, 1943
Birthplace: Diamond Grove, Missouri
Former Slave, Educator, Scientist,
Businessperson, Service Industry Employee, Agriculturist, Medical
Worker, Artist, Author, Lecturer, Domestic, Reformer, Performing
George Washington Carver was born on a farm near Diamond
Grove, Missouri in 1864. He received a Associates degree from the
Iowa Agricultural College in 1894 and a Bachelor's degree in
1896. He became a professor at Iowa State College of Agriculture
and Mechanics in charge of the school's bacterial laboratory work
in the Systematic Botany department.
His work with agricultural products developed industrial
applications from farm products, called chemurgy in technical
literature in the early 1900's. His research developed 325
products from peanuts! He moved to Tuskegee, Alabama in 1896 to
accept a position as an instructor at the Tuskegee Institute of
Technology and remained the instructor at Tuskegee until his
death in 1943.
George Washington Carver was honored by President Franklin
Deleno Roosevelt in July 14, 1943 dedicating $30,000 for a
national monument to be dedicated to his accomplishments. The
area of Carver's childhood near Diamond Grove, Missouri has been
preserved as a park, with a statue of the scientist in the middle
of a peanut field. This park was the first designated national
monument to an African American in the United States.
Return to South Hamilton Biology
Additional Bibliographical Sources
American Men of
Science. 6th edition.
(New York, NY:
Science Press) p. 230.
Great Negroes Past
Russell L. Adams.
(Chicago, IL: Afro American Publishing Co.), 1969. p. 56-57.
Who's Who in
Joseph J. Boris,
editor. (New York, NY: Who's Who in Colored America Corp.)