George Washington Carver


Born: 1860 or 1861

Died: January 5, 1943

Birthplace: Diamond Grove, Missouri

Former Slave, Educator, Scientist, Businessperson, Service Industry Employee, Agriculturist, Medical Worker, Artist, Author, Lecturer, Domestic, Reformer, Performing Artist.

George Washington Carver was born on a farm near Diamond Grove, Missouri in 1864. He received a Associates degree from the Iowa Agricultural College in 1894 and a Bachelor's degree in 1896. He became a professor at Iowa State College of Agriculture and Mechanics in charge of the school's bacterial laboratory work in the Systematic Botany department.

His work with agricultural products developed industrial applications from farm products, called chemurgy in technical literature in the early 1900's. His research developed 325 products from peanuts! He moved to Tuskegee, Alabama in 1896 to accept a position as an instructor at the Tuskegee Institute of Technology and remained the instructor at Tuskegee until his death in 1943.

George Washington Carver was honored by President Franklin Deleno Roosevelt in July 14, 1943 dedicating $30,000 for a national monument to be dedicated to his accomplishments. The area of Carver's childhood near Diamond Grove, Missouri has been preserved as a park, with a statue of the scientist in the middle of a peanut field. This park was the first designated national monument to an African American in the United States.

(list of peanut inventions)

(picture of Dr. Carver)

(Carver Stamp)

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Bibliography: -- Additional Bibliographical Sources

American Men of Science. 6th edition.

(New York, NY: Science Press) p. 230.

Great Negroes Past and Present.

Russell L. Adams. (Chicago, IL: Afro American Publishing Co.), 1969. p. 56-57.

Who's Who in Colored America

Joseph J. Boris, editor. (New York, NY: Who's Who in Colored America Corp.)